Marshalls is a benchmark for excellence. As well as exceptional customer service, technical innovation and manufacturing expertise, it continues to be widely regarded as a leader in its field regarding Corporate Responsibility and Sustainable business practices.
Marshalls is an active signatory to the UNGC (United Nations Global Compact) and member of the ETI (Ethical Trading Initiative) with Marshalls Group Marketing Director Chris Harrop chairing the UNGC UK network, whilst also sitting on the ETI board.
Many of our sites have secured ISO certification including; ISO 9001 for Quality Management, ISO 14001 for Environmental Management and ISO 45001 for Health and Safety.
Marshalls aims to pay its fair share of tax and to do so within the spirit of the law. Marshalls believes it is fair to mitigate the company’s tax in a fair way using generally available reliefs, but without using aggressive tax avoidance schemes.
The Board of Marshalls has set out that Marshalls;
Jack Clarke, Group Finance Director, is responsible for this tax policy.
The Board reviews this policy annually to ensure that it is complied with and concludes that the Marshalls group is compliant with this policy.
Jack Clarke, Group Finance Director
|Income tax expense (note 7 to the consolidated financial statements)||2020 £'000||2019 £'000|
|Current tax expense|
|Adjustment for prior years||(1,768)||(1,577)|
|UK current tax charge||963||11,637|
|Deferred tax expense|
|Origination and reversal of temporary differences|
|Adjustment for prior years||974||(251)|
|UK deferred tax charge||1,132||305|
|Total tax expense||2,095||11,942|
|Tax reconciliation||2020 £'000||2019 £'000|
|Profit before tax||4,653||69,853|
|Tax using domestic corporation tax rate||884||13,272|
|Impact of capital allowances in excess of depreciation||173||(523)|
|Short term timing differences||645||386|
|Adjustment to tax charge in prior year||(1,768)||(1,577)|
|Expenses not deductible for tax purposes||1,029||79|
|Corporation tax charge for the year||963||11,637|
|Impact of capital allowances in excess of depreciation||(1,585)||648|
|Short term timing differences||52||-|
|Pensions scheme movements||(124)||(109)|
|Adjustment to tax charge in prior year||974||251|
|Impact of the change in the rate of corporation tax on deferred taxation||1,797||(244)|
|Total tax charge for the year||2,095||11,942|
|Effective total tax rate for the year||45.0%||17.1%|
The net amount of deferred taxation credited to the Consolidated Statement of Comprehensive Income in the year was £2,149,000 (2019: debited £542,000).
The majority of the Group's profits are earned in the UK with the standard rate of corporation tax being 19% for the year to 31 December 2020. The 2020 Budget announced that the UK corporation tax rate would remain at 19 per cent rather than reduce to 17 per cent which had previously been confirmed. This change was substantively enacted on 17 March 2020; consequently, the deferred taxation liability at 31 December 2020 has been calculated at 19 per cent, which is the rate at which the deferred tax is expected to unwind in the future using rates enacted at the balance sheet date. The rate change has given rise to an increase to the deferred tax charge of £1.8m. This has given rise to the increase in the effective rate.
Capital allowances are tax reliefs provided in law for the expenditure the Group makes on fixed assets. The rates are determined by Parliament annually, and spread the tax relief due over a number of years. This contrasts with the accounting treatment for such spending, where the expenditure on fixed assets is treated as an investment with the cost then being spread over the anticipated useful life of the asset, and/or impaired if the value of such assets is considered to have reduced materially.
The different accounting treatment of fixed assets for tax and accounting purposes is one reason why the taxable income of the company is not the same as its accounting profit. During the year to 31 December 2020 the depreciation charge for the year exceeded the capital allowances due to the Group.
Short term timing differences arise on items such as depreciation in stock and share-based payments because the treatment of such items is different for tax and accounting purposes. These differences usually reverse in the years following those in which they arise, as is reflected in the deferred tax charge in the Financial Statements.
Adjustments to tax charges arising in earlier years arise because the tax charge to be included in a set of accounts has to be estimated before those Financial Statements are finalised. Such charges therefore include some estimates that are checked and refined before the Group’s corporation tax returns for the year are submitted to HM Revenue & Customs, which may reflect a different liability as a result.
Some expenses incurred may be entirely appropriate charges for inclusion in the Financial Statements but are not allowed as a deduction against taxable income when calculating the group’s tax liability for the same accounting period. Examples of such disallowable expenditure include business entertainment costs and some legal expenses.
The prior year adjustment in corporation tax (includes the reversal of some tax provisions made on acqusitions of subsidiaries in prior years which are no longer required.
As can be seen from the tax reconciliation, the process of adjustment that can give rise to current year adjustments to tax charges arising in previous periods can also give rise to revisions in prior year deferred tax estimates. This is why the current year adjustments to the current year charge for capital allowances and short term timing differences are not exactly replicated in the deferred taxation charge for the year.
The Group's overseas operations comprise a manufacturing operation in Belgium and sales and administration offices in the USA, China and Dubai. The sales of the units, in total, were less than 7 percent of the Group's turnover in the year to 31 December 2020. In total, the trading profits were not material and no tax was due.
On 3 March 2021 the Chancellor of the Exchequer announced that legislation will be introduced in the Finance Bill 2021 to set the main rate of corporation tax at 25 per cent for Financial Year 2023. This change will impact on the Group’s future tax charges and the deferred tax balances recognised. The Company has not yet been able to undertake a full analysis of the changes to accurately quantify the possible impact.
Deferred taxation liabilities and assets are shown in Note 22 to the Financial Statements.
Deferred taxation liabilities represent sums that might become payable as tax in future years as a result of transactions that have occurred in the current year. The explanation as to why such liabilities may arise is included in the notes to the tax reconciliation above.
The deferred tax balances on short term timing differences are expected to reverse within one to three years.
Based on the current investment programme of the Group and assuming that current rates of capital allowances on fixed asset expenditure continue into the future, there is little prospect of any significant part of the deferred taxation liability of the company becoming payable over the next three years. It is not realistic to make any projection after a three year period.
The deferred liabilities disclosed in the year ended 31 December 2020 include the deferred tax relating to the Group’s pension scheme assets. Deferred tax assets on capital losses and overseas trading losses have not been recognised due to uncertainty around the future use of the losses.
Marshalls NV is a company incorporated in, and tax resident in, Belgium which manufactures and sells landscape products. Marshalls NV has not paid corporation tax in 2020 because tthe company has utilised brought forward losses in the period.
Marshalls Landscape Products (North America) is a company incorporated in, and tax resident in, the USA which sells landscape products. The US Company has not paid corporation tax in 2020 because it has utilised brought forward losses in the period.
Marshalls Xiamen Import Export Company Limited is a company incorporated in China and is tax resident in China. The company is not a trading company, it provides quality assurance services to the Marshalls Mono Limited and expenses incurred are borne by the UK
Marshalls FZE in the UAE is no longer operating as an overseas branch and sales have been absorbed into Marshalls Mono Limited in the UK.
Details of employees and related costs, turnover and net assets are as follows;
|Country||Average Number of Employees||Turnover £000s||Net Assets £000s||Wages & Salaries £000s|
|US||1||2,265||0||340 - US & China combined|
|China||9||0||0||340 - US & China combined|
* Actual number of employees each month averaged over 12 months
The Marshalls Group is concerned with being a good corporate citizen which includes paying the right amount of tax at the right time. Marshalls follows relevant legislation and case law and applies professional care and judgement in approaching tax compliance. Marshalls pays a significant amount of tax to local and national government.
This strategy applies to Marshalls plc and all UK entities in its group for the year ended 31 December 2020. This document complies with paragraph 16 of the Finance Act 2016 which requires large businesses to publish their tax strategies.
Accountability for all UK tax lies with Group Tax and Group Payroll who report to the Board through the CFO. The group actively seeks to identify, evaluate and monitor risks that may arise throughout the business. Marshalls maintains a tax risk register and a program of monitoring processes and controls to minimise tax risk.
Marshalls Tax Policy is reviewed annually by the Board, additionally the Board are notified of tax compliance and issues on a regular basis. External advisors are likely to be engaged where there is uncertainty surrounding an area or transaction.
Marshalls’ Tax Policy sets out the Group’s commitment to being fully tax compliant.
Marshalls’ Tax Strategy is aligned to the commercial reality of the business and the structure of the Group reflects this. Marshalls will make use of available tax reliefs without using aggressive tax avoidance schemes.
The Marshalls Group considers it important to apply all applicable tax laws, rules and regulations in meeting Group tax compliance. The Group’s aim therefore is to minimise tax risk via compliance and control.
Marshalls seeks to maintain a good working relationship with HMRC based on openness, co-operation and good compliance, in line with HMRC’s Framework for Co-operative Compliance. Discussions with HMRC take place on a real time basis to minimise tax risk where possible and to reduce uncertainty within the business. Marshalls will engage in open and honest discussion where there are disagreements on the interpretation of tax law or treatment, with a view to resolving any dispute where possible.